The official journal of The Sri Lanka Veterinary Association
SCREENING OF ELEPHANTS PARTICIPATING IN THE ESALA PERAHERA FOR ZOONOTIC AND MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIA
Journal - Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal (volume: 63 (1))
Volume - 63 (1)
Year - 2016
Page Number - 9
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Short Communication

S.L.Vet.J. 2016, 63(1) (A): 9-13

Short communication

SCREENING OF ELEPHANTS PARTICIPATING IN THE ESALA PERAHERA FOR ZOONOTIC AND MULTIDRUG RESISTANT BACTERIA

G.D.B.N.Kulasooriya1, P.P.Jayasekara1, J.M.S.M.Wijayarathna1, M.K.U.T.Amarasiri1,

B.C.G.Mendis3, A.Siribaddana4, A.Dangolla2, R.S.Kalupahana1, and B.R.Fernando1

1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Pharmacology,  2Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science,University of Peradeniya 3Allied Health Sciences, University of Peradeniya 4

Respiratory Unit, Teaching Hospital Kandy

SUMMARY: During religious, cultural and other human entertainment activities domesticated elephants come into close contact with humans creating a potential disease transmission threat between elephants and humans. The main objective of the study was to screen the elephants participated in the Esala Perahera 2015 for the zoonotic bacterial pathogens namely Salmonella, Campylobacter and Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Further, the antimicrobial susceptibility of the fecal E. coli and zoonotic pathogens isolated were determined to identify multidrug resistant organisms. The isolation rates for E.coli and Salmonella were 100% and 8%, respectively while Campylobacter was not isolated from any of the fecal samples collected. Three of the four Salmonella isolates were resistant to ampicillin and tetracycline and all four isolates were susceptible to nalidixic acid, streptomycin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, imipenem and amikacin. A number of E.coli isolates were resistant to ampicillin (8%), sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim combination (8%), tetracycline (8%), ceftriaxone (8%), amikacin (6%), nalidixic acid (4%), imipenem (4%), gentamicin (2%), streptomycin (2%), ceftazidime (2%) and ciprofloxacin (2%). However, all tested E.coli isolates were susceptible to cefotaxime. Further, 8% of the E. coli isolates showed resistance to three or more antimicrobial groups used and can be classified as multidrug resistant. None of the elephants yielded a positive result for the fecal PCR assay indicating that the animals did not excrete pathogenic mycobacteria in their feces.

Corresponding author: ruchikalk@yahoo.com

How to cite:

G.D.B.N.Kulasooriya, P.P.Jayasekara, J.M.S.M.Wijayarathna, M.K.U.T.Amarasiri, B.C.G.Mendis, A.Siribaddana, A.Dangolla, R.S.Kalupahana, and B.R.Fernando, (2016). Screening of elephants participating in the Esala Perahera for zoonotic and multidrug resistant bacteria. Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal. 62(A), pp.9–12.

Keywords: multidrug resistant, Bacteria, Esala Perahera, zoonotic